The Islamization of Egypt

[MERIA Journal-Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya] Adel Guindy - Anwar Sadat began his rule by reopening the doors to the Muslim Brotherhood and other off-shoots of Islamic groups. He then initiated what one could term "the Great Islamic Transformation" of Egypt. The first step was to stipulate in a new constitution, promulgated in 1971 (long before Khomeini), that the principles of Islamic Sharia were "a main source" of legislation. In May 1981, the "a" was replaced with "the," making Sharia the term of reference for the entire constitution and providing the legal, political, and psychological basis for the Islamic transformation. This transformation has paved the way for the Muslim Brotherhood to take over the rule in a perfectly natural and even "democratic" fashion. That the Islamists only won a fifth of the Assembly's seats can be misleading; they fielded candidates in no more than a third of the total constituencies. In fully-open, fair, and free elections in the future, the Brotherhood would be bound to sweep the vote.

2006-09-14 01:00:00

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