Prepared for the
Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations

by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
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August 19, 2005

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In-Depth Issues:

Hamas Radio: Jaffa is the Same as Gaza, Tel Aviv the Same as Rafah (Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies)
    The Hamas radio station Sawt Al-Aqsa broadcast the following song on August 16, 2005:
    Al-Qassam warriors, rain rockets on the settlers! Don't let any Jew sleep!
    The Al-Aqsa Brigades will make you tremble in Haifa and Tel Aviv; they will strike you in Safed and Acre.
    Because we do not distinguish between [Jewish] Palestine and [Arab] Palestine.
    For [as] Jaffa is the same as Gaza, Tel-al-Zuhour [Tel Aviv] is the same as Rafah, and the Galilee is the same as Hebron.
    We make no distinction between the parts of the earth of the homeland.

Israel HighWay
- August 18, 2005

Issue of the Week:
    Israel's Battle Against Terrorism - Lessons for the World

Saudi Al-Qaeda Leader Killed in Shootout (AP/FOX News)
    Al-Qaeda's leader in Saudi Arabia, Saleh Mohammed al-Aoofi, was among six al-Qaeda militants killed during police raids Thursday in Medina and Riyadh, the Saudi Interior Ministry said.

Syria and the Plot to Attack Israeli Tourists in Turkey - Zvi Bar'el (Ha'aretz)
    The arrest last week of Louai Sakra in Turkey, suspected of planning to carry out a terrorist attack on Israeli cruise ships, would not have happened without the unusual cooperation of several intelligence agencies.
    According to Turkish sources, it was Syrian intelligence that furnished information about the possibility that Sakra was living in Diyarbakir in southeast Turkey; Israeli intelligence contributed information on his potential targets and Turkish intelligence reaped the harvest.
    This is not the first time that Syrian citizens or "visitors" have acted in the name of the objectives of al-Qaeda or as part of the radical Islamic mission.
    The bombers of the synagogues in Istanbul in 2003 fled to Syria, where they found refuge among local friends with whom they had studied at a madrassa (Islamic school) in Aleppo, Syria. Syria extradited the Turkish escapees to Turkey, but retained their Syrian friends.
    It is estimated that hundreds of madrassas operate in Syria, some with Saudi funding, that serve as hothouses for radical education.
    While the ideology of the ruling Baath party is avowedly secular, journalists who have visited Damascus and Aleppo relate that women wearing full veils are now commonly seen not only in the street but also in the universities. Mosques may be found on every corner and Friday prayers bring commerce to a halt. These are new developments in Syria.
    Assad now faces a strong Islamic movement that is already asking itself if it can threaten his regime, or whether Assad would even be able to act against the Muslim Brotherhood, as did his father in Hama in 1982, when the regime killed about 10,000 people.
    Since Syria's closest friend is Iran, and since Saudi Arabia is one of the largest investors in Syria, it will be very difficult for Bashar Assad to act as his father did and launch a direct attack against a religious organization.

Sharon's Fateful Choice Sealed in '93 - Sidney Zion (New York Daily News)
    What really killed the Jewish settlements was the Oslo peace process, which brought Arafat to Gaza and the Clinton White House, plus a major influx of arms to the Palestinians, who until then had only stones to throw at Israel.
    Before 1993, the Jewish settlers in Gaza needed no protection by the Israeli Army. Throughout the "peace process," arms were smuggled into Gaza through Egypt and everybody knew it.
    It all fell down at Camp David in 2000, when Arafat refused to accept 98% of the West Bank, half of Jerusalem, and all of Gaza.
    Instead, he opened the second intifada, this time with arms and suicide bombers.
    Then it required a division, 15,000 Israeli soldiers, to protect the Gaza settlers.

Arab Bank Fined $24M for Funding Palestinian Terror (AP/Forbes)
    Arab Bank PLC, one of the largest financial institutions in the Middle East, is paying a $24 million civil fine for inadequate controls against money laundering at its New York branch, the Office of the U.S. Comptroller of the Currency announced Wednesday.
    Families of 40 U.S. citizens killed in terrorist attacks in Israel sued Arab Bank in federal court in New York City last year, accusing it of channeling money to Palestinian terrorist groups and of making insurance payments to beneficiaries of suicide bombers.

In Pakistan's Public Schools, Jihad Still Part of Lesson Plan - Paul Watson (Los Angeles Times)
    Each year, thousands of Pakistani children learn from history books that Jews are tightfisted moneylenders and Christians vengeful conquerors.
    One textbook tells kids they should be willing to die as martyrs for Islam.
    They aren't being indoctrinated by extremist mullahs in madrassas, the private Islamic seminaries often blamed for stoking militancy in Pakistan.
    They are pupils in public schools learning from textbooks approved by the administration of President Pervez Musharraf.

At Malls, Grim Preparations for the Worst, and Israeli Assistance - Robert Block (Wall Street Journal/Baltimore Sun)
    The recent wave of suicide bombings in London's mass-transit system has heightened fears in counterterrorist circles of similar attacks in America.
    The possibility of suicide attacks against the nation's 1,200 enclosed shopping centers, bustling icons of U.S. wealth and consumerism, is still only a grim theory.
    But the mere idea has transformed the way private security companies train their guards and go about their business.
    The inspiration for their preparation for the unthinkable came from Israel, the country with the most experience keeping human bombs out of its shopping centers.
    The cornerstone of the Israeli strategy is to deny a bomber entrance to the mall by creating layers of defenses from paramilitary sentries to watchmen trained to recognize the behavior patterns of people about to blow themselves up.
    To date, there never has been a successful breach of an Israeli shopping mall by a suicide bomber despite more than 100 attempts.

The Jihadi Bomb - Ralph R. Reiland (American Enterprise Institute)
    "There have been multiple cases of real theft of real weapons-usable nuclear material that we know of," said Matthew Bunn, a senior research associate in the Project on Managing the Atom at Harvard University, in an interview with the Foreign Policy Association two months after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.
    "Al-Qaeda is intent on finding ways to circumvent U.S. security enhancements to strike Americans and the homeland," CIA director Porter Goss told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence last February.
    "It may be only a matter of time before al-Qaeda or another group attempts to use biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons," he said.
    The question is will the U.S. government be any more competent at stopping an attack than it was on Sept. 11?

U.S. Visa Problems for Israel's High-Tech Industry (Red Herring)
    Israel's high-tech industry is expected to be hit hard by a U.S. Homeland Security Department announcement that the quota for professional visas for the 2006 fiscal year has already been used up.
    The American government annually issues 65,000 H1B visas to foreign engineers and scientists working temporarily in the U.S., of which about 1,000 go to Israeli applicants.
    The visa enables companies to send over employees for extended periods of time to set up U.S. offices or oversee projects.

Merrill Lynch Encouraged by Israel's "Sizzling" Economy - Nathan Sheva (Ha'aretz)
    Encouraged by Israel's "sizzling" economic growth in the second quarter of 2005, Merrill Lynch raised its growth forecast for the year from 3.8 to 4.2%.
    "Israeli economic growth surged at a higher-than-expected pace in the second quarter. Real GDP expanded at a 5.6% annual rate in the quarter after growing at a 3.9% pace in the first quarter," the investment bank wrote in its analysis.

Israeli Super Bandage Saves Lives (Medical News Today)
    Almost half of battlefield fatalities are due to hemorrhaging. Almost one-fifth of those victims could have been saved had better methods of hemorrhage control been employed.
    Dr. Sody Naimer, a family doctor in the Gush Katif region who has treated many trauma victims, has developed a revolutionary new bandage - called ELastic ADhesive Bandage or ELAD - that can replace both ordinary bandages and tourniquets and can even be used to treat burns.

Useful Reference:

The Pullout from Gaza: Map and Profiles of Israeli Communities (New York Times)

Profiles of Families in Neve Dekalim (New York Times)

History of Israeli Settlement in Gaza (AP/Boston Globe)

The Disengagement Plan: An Opportunity for Peace (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

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Latest News on Disengagement
(Conference of Presidents)
Related Publications:
Israel Campus Beat
Israel HighWay
News Resources - North America, Europe, and Asia:

  • Rockets Fired from Jordan Target U.S. Ships, Israeli Airport
    One Jordanian soldier was killed and a second severely wounded Friday in a rocket attack apparently targeting U.S. ships in the Jordanian Red Sea port of Aqaba, officials said. Three Katyusha rockets were fired from a warehouse in Aqaba close to the port, a Jordanian government statement said. The warehouse had been rented a few days ago by four people of Iraqi and Egyptian descent. One rocket flew over the bow of the USS Ashland and struck a warehouse used by the Jordanian military. A second missile landed near a military hospital in Aqaba. The third landed in the neighboring Israeli city of Eilat just east of the city's airport. (CNN)
        See also Aqaba Rocket Attack Targets U.S. Warship
    The Jordanian kingdom, the home country of Iraq's most wanted man Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi, has claimed breaking up a number of al-Qaeda-linked networks suspected of plotting attacks against U.S. and other Western targets in Jordan. Zarqawi, who has a $25 million bounty on his head, was condemned to death in absentia in April for the 2002 murder of a U.S. diplomat in Amman. (IslamOnline-Qatar)
  • 17 of 21 Gaza Settlements Now Evacuated - Scott Wilson
    Israeli officials said Thursday that 17 of Gaza's 21 settlements had been emptied, with agreements to evacuate two others. Next week the Israeli military will begin demolishing more than 2,000 homes and public buildings. (Washington Post)
        See also Israel Removes Gaza Settlers - Photo Gallery (New York Times)
        See more on Disengagement below.
  • White House: Gaza Pullout to Bolster U.S.-Israel Ties
    The White House on Thursday praised Israel's pullout from the Gaza Strip as a bold move that will strengthen ties between Israel and the U.S. President Bush sympathizes with Israeli settlers who are being forced to evacuate their homes, said White House spokeswoman Dana Perino. She said Israeli Prime Minister Sharon was "very courageous" to carry out the withdrawal. "We agree that the disengagement will make Israel stronger," Perino said. "We agree with Prime Minister Sharon on that and the president has also said that this will bring our two countries closer together." (Reuters)
  • Funding of Palestinian Propaganda By UN "Unacceptable," Bolton Says - Jacob Gershman
    UN funding of a Palestinian Arab propaganda campaign timed to coincide with Israel's pullout from the Gaza Strip has increased tensions between the UN and American officials. America's newly installed ambassador to the United Nations, John Bolton, labeled "inappropriate and unacceptable" the UN Development Program financing of materials bearing the slogan "Today Gaza, Tomorrow the West Bank and Jerusalem." William Orme, a spokesman for the UNDP, said Wednesday, "We've seen Ambassador Bolton's comments, and we are taking this matter seriously."
        Hamas's top official, Khaled Meshaal, Wednesday echoed the theme: "Gaza is the first liberation, then comes the West Bank, then every inch of Palestinian land." "We are at the beginning of the road, and we have not and will not give up our weapons. The battle is not over," Meshaal said while standing in front of a poster reading: "Today Gaza, Tomorrow Jerusalem." Hamas's embrace of the slogan reinforced the fear of Jewish and Israeli leaders that the message would undermine peace efforts and provoke more violence. The head of the Palestinian UNDP program, Timothy Rothermel, said the slogan is "consistent with the relevant UN resolutions and Security Council resolutions about the status of Palestine." (New York Sun)
        See also UN Funds Palestinian Campaign
    "This is simply outrageous," said Dore Gold, former Israeli ambassador to the UN. "The West Bank is disputed territory under UN Security Council Resolution 242. The UN has no business getting involved in sloganeering to call the Palestinians to also take tomorrow the West Bank and eastern Jerusalem." Gold claims the UNDP has also been giving money to organizations tied to Hamas. One UNDP bank transfer request, obtained by FOX News, shows the organization giving thousands of dollars to a Jenin-based organization with links to the militant group. (FOX News)
        See also State Department: UNDP Needs to Maintain Political Neutrality
    State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said Thursday: "The United States takes very seriously the need for UNDP to maintain complete political neutrality. In this case, UNDP provided assistance to a political campaign, which was, by its very nature, not neutral. And as Ambassador Bolton said, funding this kind of activity is inappropriate and unacceptable....I think we all understand that there are better uses for UN development funds." (State Department)
  • How Old Friends of Israel Gave $14 Million to Help the Palestinians - Andy Newman
    Last Wednesday, James D. Wolfensohn, the former president of the World Bank and current Middle East envoy for the White House, asked his friend, real estate magnate and publisher Mortimer B. Zuckerman, to raise $14 million to help buy the Jewish settlers' lucrative greenhouses in the Gaza Strip so that the Palestinians can take them over when the settlers are gone. "Despite my skepticism," Mr. Zuckerman said Tuesday, "I thought to myself, 'This is perhaps the only illustration or symbol of what could be the benefits of a co-operational, rather than a confrontational attitude.'" (New York Times)
  • U.S. Lowers Sights On What Can Be Achieved in Iraq - Robin Wright and Ellen Knickmeyer
    The Bush administration is significantly lowering expectations of what can be achieved in Iraq, recognizing that the U.S. will have to settle for far less progress than originally envisioned during the transition due to end in four months, according to U.S. officials in Washington and Baghdad. The U.S. no longer expects to see a model new democracy, a self-supporting oil industry, or a society in which the majority of people are free from serious security or economic challenges, U.S. officials say.
        The ferocious debate over a new constitution has particularly driven home the gap between the original U.S. goals and the realities after almost 28 months. The U.S. decision to invade Iraq was justified in part by the goal of establishing a secular and modern Iraq that honors human rights and unites disparate ethnic and religious communities. But the document on which Iraq's future is to be built will require laws to be compliant with Islam. "We set out to establish a democracy, but we're slowly realizing we will have some form of Islamic republic," said a U.S. official. U.S. officials now acknowledge that they misread the strength of the sentiment among Kurds and Shiites to create a special status. (Washington Post)
  • News Resources - Israel and the Mideast:

  • Israel: Next Step Will be Based on Gaza Pullout Results
    The aftermath of Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip will decide Israel's next step in the peace process with the Palestinians, Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom told the Kuwaiti daily Al-Rai Al-Aam Thursday. "If Gaza turns into a base for shooting missiles at Israel and increasing Palestinian attacks, it will be impossible to move on to another step and take a new risk," he said. Shalom said PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas has to "dismantle" Islamic militant groups Hamas and Jihad who attack Israel.
        "The Gaza Strip will not become a prison," Shalom said. It will be open to Egypt, and humanitarian missions and goods will be allowed to cross from the West Bank. Shalom said Israeli and Palestinian officials were negotiating safe passages, and "we have allowed the building of the Gaza seaport, but we cannot let Palestinians bring militants and weapons through the port from Iran and abroad." (AP/Ha'aretz)
  • Soldier Wounded by Palestinian Gunfire in Gaza
    Palestinians opened fire Thursday on Israeli troops on the road leading to Gush Katif in the Gaza Strip. One soldier was lightly wounded, the army said. (AP/Jerusalem Post)
  • Disengagement:

    The Disengagement Operation

  • Seeing Grown Men and Seasoned Soldiers Cry - Ken Ellingwood and Shlomi Simhi
    Israeli soldiers also shed tears Wednesday as they forcibly removed Jewish settlers from their homes in the Gaza Strip. 2nd Lt. Sheri Willis, 21, stood outside a home in blistering heat where the Zemora family - a couple and six children - refused to open the door to soldiers. The team pried the door open and found the family sitting on the floor, praying. After about 10 minutes of discussion, the wife emerged from the house holding a baby and weeping, escorted by a female soldier. Some of the other children, including one in a stroller, were brought out by female officers. The father, wearing a white prayer shawl, would not budge until four male soldiers carried him out. (Los Angeles Times)
        See also Pulled Out, Tearfully, One By One - Yaakov Katz and Tovah Lazaroff
    Even the border police cried as they emptied out the Gaza Strip's largest synagogue in Neve Dekalim Thursday. Amidst prayer and song, border police pulled out - one by one - hundreds of teens who had rallied in its two sanctuaries in a desperate attempt to avert the pullout. "The State of Israel sent us," a red-eyed Southern District police Cmdr. Uri Bar-Lev told settler leaders.
        The teens had come from all over the country, having snuck through the Kissufim crossing in the last month. They camped out in empty schools, residents' homes, tents, and at times on the grass, waiting for this moment. Many shook and cried as they sat on the floor or on pews. Patting her arm, one policewoman told a girl, "You've done all you can. Now it's time to go."  (Jerusalem Post)
        See also Israeli General: "The Whole Army Hurts" - Gavin Rabinowitz
    On Thursday, Maj. Gen. Iftah Ron-Tal, the commander of Israel's land forces, visited his son Omri, daughter-in law, and grandson in Shirat Hayam, a seaside outpost. Ron-Tal kissed six-month-old Nir-Chaim, and asked Omri to leave with his family. "He promised me to leave without using any force and I appreciate it," Ron-Tal said. The withdrawal has been an emotional experience for many Israelis. "The whole army hurts," Ron-Tal said. (Associated Press)
  • After Four Days of Disengagement - Amos Harel
    So far, all the assumptions made by the media beforehand have collapsed one by one. There has been almost no violence, no use of weapons. The rabbis' calls for restraint and nonviolence and the mediation of public figures from the religious sector also helped calm the situation. This is the biggest logistical operation the army and police have undertaken since the 1982 Lebanon War, but so far, everything is going like clockwork. (Ha'aretz)

    The Aftermath

  • From Gaza, Taking Pride In What Was - Gil Troy
    We should hail the everyday heroes of Gush Katif who followed their democratic leaders' advice to pioneer outposts and created little diamonds in the sand, tributes to Western ingenuity that ultimately supplied 15% of Israel's agricultural exports. We should salute these same citizens who disagreed virulently but not violently with a different democratically elected government's decision. Once again, Israel became the only country ever to relinquish land legitimately won from neighbors in a defensive war in a bid for peace. (New York Jewish Week)
  • The Day After in Neve Dekalim - Amy Teibel
    On Friday, a day after Neve Dekalim went out of existence, bikes were parked outside houses in Gaza's largest settlement, but no one will ride them again through its streets. Homes were locked, but their owners won't ever unlock them. (AP/Boston Globe)

    What Next?

  • Palestinians Must Put Down Violence, Shut Up Rhetoric - Editorial
    Israel's historic disengagement from the Gaza Strip throws down a challenge to the Palestinians. Can Mahmoud Abbas finally tame and disarm the terrorists to achieve a law-abiding and peaceful Palestinian society? Now it's time - long past time, actually - for the Palestinians to abandon terrorism and violence. Israel and the world stand ready to help if the Palestinians take the path of peace. Israel said Monday it will "make every effort to facilitate aid, economic cooperation, and the free movement of goods, services and labor." The U.S., Europe, and the World Bank pledge money and assistance. All the Palestinians have to do is to end terrorism. (Chicago Sun-Times)
  • The Gaza Gamble - Editorial
    Over the past few days, the world has witnessed a stunning spectacle in Israel: the government of the Jewish state unilaterally, voluntarily, giving up land in Gaza - and forcing Jewish residents to leave, involuntarily. The depth of sacrifice can't be missed: The settlers see their lives being turned upside down. They see Palestinian terror being rewarded, Israeli security compromised, and a biblical birthright forfeited.
        Sharon reckons that there is little upside to deploying - endlessly - thousands of Israeli troops to protect 8,500 Jewish settlers from 1.3 million hostile Palestinians. Sharon also knows that Gaza is not likely to remain part of Israel in any final resolution of the Israeli-Arab conflict. By moving unilaterally, he hopes to reach that final point sooner, and with Israel better positioned. The U.S., too, is hoping Israel's move will jumpstart the peace process.
        Washington believes that any progress toward the creation of a Palestinian state will help in the effort to transform the Middle East and contribute to victory in the War on Terror. Of course, this presumes that such a state is peaceful and democratic, and not itself a sponsor of terror. A risky assumption, to say the least. (New York Post)
  • After Gaza - Editorial
    Palestinian Arabs and their European, Saudi, and Iranian henchmen are already plotting Israel's next retreat. "Today Gaza, tomorrow the West Bank and Jerusalem," say the signs funded by the UN. America can play a constructive role after Israel leaves Gaza by avoiding the error the Clinton administration made of investing all its capital in one Arab strongman.
        The answer is going to have to come from mosques and schools that don't preach hate, from independent Palestinian Arab newspapers and radio stations that don't preach hate, from Palestinian Arab courts that are impartial and fair. It is going to have to come from neighboring Arab states like Jordan and Egypt making their own strides toward freedom and democracy and only then playing a constructive role with the West Bank and Gaza, respectively. Under any solution, Israel will have to have defensible borders.
        The challenge for Washington in the coming months and years will not be to wrest more territorial concessions out of Israel, but to wrest a free and democratic society out of the Palestinian Arabs. (New York Sun)
  • Dark Thoughts Intrude on Prospects for Gaza - James Klurfeld
    The Palestinians don't interpret the withdrawal as a grand gesture but, rather, as a sign of weakness, a vindication of their suicide bombings and unrelenting terror against Israel. They think more terror will bring further withdrawals. So the government of Mahmoud Abbas - rather than establish a peaceful, civilized enclave in the Gaza Strip - will prove unable or unwilling to control the militants of Hamas and Islamic Jihad, and Gaza will become an armed camp from which Palestinians can launch rockets and terrorist attacks against Israel. Then how long will it be before Sharon - or any Israeli leader - sends in the troops again?
        Sharon will be able to say: "You see what happens when we make a unilateral move for peace? It is only misinterpreted as a show of weakness and an opportunity to attack Israel. Your assumption has been that if only Israel made concessions of land for peace, the Palestinians would respond and accept a two-state solution. But the Palestinian goal remains what it has always been: to drive Israel out of its land, to destroy Israel." Rather than creating an inexorable logic for withdrawal from all of the West Bank, Israel's withdrawal from Gaza will be proof to the world that the Palestinians can't be trusted to fulfill their part of the bargain. (Newsday)
        See also Israel's Hard Choice - Editorial
    Whether the settlers' fear that Gaza will serve as a precedent for the West Bank ever materializes will have more to do with Palestinians' future behavior and ability to control militants than it will with what the Israeli government is doing now. (Newsday)
  • Little Short-Run Gain from Gaza Pullout - Jay Bushinsky
    Shalom Harari and Mark A. Heller of the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies expect Israel's "disengagement" from the Gaza Strip to bolster Palestinian terrorism, harm the Palestinian economy, and throw the Jewish state into political turmoil. "Most indicators suggest - and most analysts agree - that while the terrorists' major center of gravity will shift to the West Bank and their focus will be on the settlements and the access roads (if not also on targets inside the "green line"), Gaza will at least serve as a training area and as the terrorists' rear echelon and support base for weapons smuggling and local production," they write.
        They see little chance in the short-run of new political initiatives. "Israeli politics is likely to be paralyzed after September 2005, by coalition crises and the possibility that the country will enter a pre-election phase," they write. (Chicago Sun-Times)
  • Trading Places - Aluf Benn
    A lot of Israelis want to give Wadi Ara away. Its ridges, 15 miles southeast of Haifa, are strategic, but many Israelis have become more anxious about demography than about topography. To them, invading armies from neighboring countries seem a remote danger compared to the rapidly growing Arab population in Israel's midst. And Wadi Ara is full of Arab communities, including Umm el-Fahm, the second largest Palestinian town inside Israel's pre-1967 borders. Once disengagement from the Gaza Strip is complete, this will become the next frontier of Israeli politics. (Washington Post)

    Palestinian Perspectives

  • Palestinians: Gaza Withdrawal a Victory for Islam - Itamar Marcus and Barbara Crook
    PA religious leaders and Hamas have for years been presenting their conflict with Israel as part of an unbroken religious war which Allah is waging against Jews - a conflict whose climax will be the extermination of the world's Jews. Within this context, Israel's leaving its towns in Gaza is being presented as a victory of Islam in this war. PA Television hosts and participants alike are calling the Israeli moves a "great victory for Allah." The Hamas website publicized numerous posters that declare the same religious victory theme. One Hamas poster, showing the face of Hamas founder Ahmad Yassin laughing, superimposed over a somber religious Jew, presents the Sharon evacuation plan as a victory of the Koran over the Talmud. (Palestinian Media Watch)
  • In Palestinian Clan, Talk of Victory and More Fighting - Thanassis Cambanis
    Like many Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, Kemal Taleb Nassar, the family patriarch, views the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza as a military victory for the militants who sent waves of mortars, Kassam rockets, rifle volleys, and suicide bombers at the settlers who lived in their midst. ''This is a big joy, a gift for the blood of the martyrs," Nassar said. ''This is the first step on a road that will take the resistance to the West Bank and then to Israel." Nassar asked the seven assembled children how many of them want to be martyrs; all but one raised their hands. (Boston Globe)

    How It Appeared in the Media

  • Gaza Protesters and Freedom Riders - Eugene Robinson
    On television, the tumult in the Gaza Strip looks like nothing less than a pogrom - soldiers dragging Jews out of their homes and synagogues for immediate, involuntary, permanent relocation. Does it matter that the soldiers are Jewish, too? Not to the Jews being hauled away. Does it matter that some of the most vociferous protesters don't even live in Gaza and are just there to make a point? Not if you remember all the Freedom Riders of the civil rights era who came from Massachusetts or Michigan, not Mississippi. (Washington Post)
  • Israelis "Ache" at Scenes of Gaza Settlers Being Forcibly Removed - Laura King
    Israelis from all walks of life found themselves swept by powerful and contradictory emotions as they watched the emptying of Jewish settlements in Gaza - a national drama, but one enacted on the intimate scale of all Israeli public events. Few were unmoved by the spectacle of settlers being removed from their homes. (Los Angeles Times)
        See also In Gaza, a New Generation's Anguish - Paul Farhi
    The TV images suggested that it's a conflict among young people. On the first day of the Israeli government's forced removal of Gaza settlers, young people - Jews - pleaded with other young people - also Jews - who had been dispatched to eject them from their homes. There was, perhaps miraculously, almost no violence in Gaza, but there was lots of confrontation. (Washington Post)
  • Global Commentary and Think-Tank Analysis (Best of U.S., UK, and Israel):

  • U.S. Lutherans Condemn Israeli Barrier - Rachel Zoll
    The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America last week denounced the security barrier Israel is building along the West Bank. The church's statement doesn't mention divestment, but urges the denomination to move toward "stewarding financial resources - both U.S. tax dollars and private funds - in ways that support the quest for a just peace in the Holy Land.'' (AP/Guardian-UK)
        See also Lutheran Magazine Deceives in Israeli "Wall" Account - Andrea Levin
    The magazine of the Evangelical Lutheran Church is spreading extreme misinformation among its members about Israel's security fence. CAMERA requested correction of 12 factual errors that appeared in a distorted and inflammatory article entitled "The Wall" published in the May 2005 edition of The Lutheran. There was not one reference to Palestinian terrorism originating from terrorist strongholds in West Bank cities, the causal factor in Israel's erecting a protective barrier. (CAMERA)
        See also Divestment's Downside - Editorial
    The divestment campaign by the American churches isn't prejudiced, but it is naive. Any action that implicitly compares Israel to apartheid South Africa is bound to cause offense among many Jews. It is also wrong. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is far more complicated than the Afrikaners' attempt to maintain control over an overwhelmingly black society. Rather than divesting from Israel, a better strategy for American churches concerned about peace in the Mideast would be to invest in the future of a Palestinian state. (Boston Globe)
  • Muslim Brotherhood Wields Power in Egypt - Michael Slackman
    The Muslim Brotherhood, alone among opposition forces, can summon thousands of people to the street. Though the government refuses to allow it to operate as a political party, it remains Egypt's strongest opposition political force by far. (The group has been outlawed since 1954 when its leaders tried to kill Gamal Abdel Nasser.) As Egypt prepares to kick off its first multicandidate campaign for president, leading to a Sept. 7 election, the Muslim Brotherhood has re-emerged as a crucial player.
        Ayman Nour, leader of the centrist Tomorrow Party, has courted the Brotherhood and is seeking their endorsement. The Revolutionary Socialists, an underground leftist organization, and the Labor Party, an Islamic Socialist party, have both teamed up with the Brotherhood to swell the numbers at some recent demonstrations. (New York Times)
        See also Keep Your Eyes on Egypt - Mona Eltahawy
    During this year's summer vacation in Cairo there were no arguments over the U.S., Israel, Palestine, or Iraq. This time, all conversations were about a small but active opposition movement in Egypt that since December has focused on ending the dictatorship of President Mubarak. I have never heard so many relatives and friends take such an interest in Egyptian politics or - more important - feel that they had a stake in them. I am under no illusion that Egypt is on the doorstep of democracy, nor do I doubt that Mubarak will win. But there is a strong sense that this is the time to lay the groundwork for real reform in the years ahead. (Washington Post)

    Weekend Features

  • Intifada Competes with Soccer Practice in Gaza - James Bennet
    When more than 200 black-hooded, black-clad young men of the Popular Resistance Committees gathered to celebrate in Yarmouk Stadium in Gaza on Tuesday, they found themselves dodging the young men of the Palestine Soccer Club, in electric pink or green jerseys. The two groups split the dirt field and ignored each other. When the black-clad men showed off their training by forming rows, each man with his semiautomatic rifle, their commanders grumbled at their ragged display. When one commander barked, "Why are we here?" he was met not with a roared reply but a pregnant silence, as if each man was pondering this timeless existential riddle. Finally the commander shouted, "To celebrate the victory!" Nearby, several of the rockets that the group fires into Israel jabbed out from the bed of a truck. (New York Times)
  • Book Review: A Glimpse of Forces Confronting Saudi Rule - William Grimes
    The U.S.-Saudi connection is probably the one that Americans would most like to sever, if it could be done without raising gasoline prices. In Saudi Arabia Exposed, British journalist John R. Bradley calls the Saudi royals "perhaps the most corrupt family the world has ever known." The House of Saud and the religious establishment, fired by the puritanical form of Islam known as Wahhabism, hold sway in the central region, al-Najd; elsewhere rifts and tensions abound. (New York Times)
  • Coming Home - Aviva Lori
    David Gavro, a young Ethiopian from Netivot, was caught in a downward spiral until he realized his love for the cinema. His documentary "Sisai," about a trip to Ethiopia, took first prize at the recent Jerusalem Film Festival. (Ha'aretz)
        See also Hazkarah: A Symbolic Day for the Reconstituting of the Jewish-Ethiopian Community - Emanuela Trevisan Semi
    Ethiopian Jews in Israel have invented a new holiday, Hazkarah, that commemorates those who perished while trying to reach Israel from Ethiopia before and during Operation Moses (1984-1985). It is held concurrently with the national holiday of Jerusalem Day. Hazkarah expresses the Ethiopian Jews' process of Israelization, in contrast to their traditional holiday of Segd, celebrated in Ethiopia to mark the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai and reintroduced in Israel to express the community's re-Ethiopianization. (Jewish Political Studies Review)
  • Observations:

    Settling In for a Long Wait - Charles Krauthammer (Washington Post)

    • Israel has no peace partner - Mahmoud Abbas has nothing to offer and has offered nothing - and in the absence of a partner, there is only one logical policy: Rationalize your defensive lines and prepare for a long wait.
    • Far from Israel getting any credit for this deeply wrenching Gaza withdrawal, the demand now is for yet more concessions - from Israel. The New York Times called the Gaza withdrawal "only the beginning" and declared that Sharon "must also be forewarned" that giving up the West Bank must be next.
    • This is a counsel of folly. The idea that if only Israel made more concessions and more withdrawals, the Palestinians would be enticed into making peace is flatly contradicted by history. We are not talking ancient history here; we are talking the past 12 years.
    • Under Oslo, Israel made massive, near-suicidal concessions: bringing the PLO back to life, installing Arafat in power in the West Bank and Gaza, permitting him to arm militia after militia, and ultimately offering him (at Camp David 2000) the first Palestinian state in history, with a shared Jerusalem and total Israeli withdrawal from 95% of the formerly occupied territories (with Israel giving up some of its own territory to make the Palestinians whole). How were these concessions met? With a savage terrorist war that killed 1,000 Israelis and maimed thousands more.
    • The Gaza withdrawal is not the beginning but the end. Apart from perhaps some evacuations of outlying settlements on the West Bank, it is the end of the concession road for Israel. And it is the beginning of the new era of self-sufficiency and separation in which Israel ensures its security not by concessions, but by fortification, barrier creation, realism, and patient waiting.
    • Waiting for the first-ever genuine Palestinian concessions. Waiting for the Palestinians to honor the promises - to recognize Israel and renounce terrorism - they solemnly made at Oslo and brazenly betrayed. That's the next step. Without it, nothing happens.

    Visiting Israel?

    Translate your concern for Israel's well-being into action.
    While in Israel, donate blood to Magen David Adom.

    Donating blood is one of the most personal ways
    to demonstrate solidarity with Israelis
    Especially now, as Magen David Adom faces a severe blood shortage.

    In addition to the usual summer slowdown, the disengagement has preoccupied many regular donors - soldiers and police officers - who are not free to donate blood to keep MDA's supply replenished. As a result, MDA has reached the "red line" of its repository and is seeking additional blood donations.

    Take part in an inspiring program, Sharing for Life, that enables visitors to Israel to donate blood to help Magen David Adom (Israel's equivalent of the Red Cross) meet the needs of Israel's civilians and soldiers.

    Special arrangements are made for convenient donations by groups.

    Sharing for Life is an initiative of the Conference of Presidents, American Red Magen David Adom (ARMDI), and Magen David Adom of Israel.

    For additional information, email: [email protected].

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